Immigrants sleep on streets

Scottish immigrants evicted from their crofts to make way for sheep during the highland clearances of the nineteenth century, flooded into Canada. In Toronto, their first accommodation was sometimes a police station, and sometimes on the streets, according to this item from the Toronto Leader, July 7, 1864. About a hundred Scotch immigrants arrived in […]

Regulated Life in old muddy York

York, Upper Canada, the future Toronto in 1803. Unknown artist. City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1231,F1231_it0897. Wikimedia Commons. York (Toronto), bakers were required to “stamp each Loaf or Biscuit” with their initials, and homeowners were required to keep a ladder leaning against the eves, as stipulated in “REGULATIONS for the POLICE,” published in the Upper […]